- THE MAGAZINE
FedEx Corp. reported on Dec. 19, 2012, earnings of $1.39 per diluted share for the second quarter ended November 30, compared to $1.57 per share last year.
Superstorm Sandy impacted the quarter’s results by $0.11 per diluted share due to reduced shipment volumes and incremental operating costs.
“Operating income for the quarter improved at FedEx Freight and FedEx Ground due to increased volumes and higher yields, while persistent weakness in the global economy and increased demand for lower-yielding international services limited profits at FedEx Express,” said Frederick W. Smith, FedEx Corp. chairman, president and chief executive officer.
He continued: “Earnings also were negatively impacted by disruptions caused by Superstorm Sandy. We are hard at work on another record-setting holiday shipping season, driven by the continued growth of e-commerce. I would like to thank all of our team members for their hard work and dedication during our peak season.”
Second Quarter Results
FedEx Corp. reported the following consolidated results for the second quarter:
- Revenue of $11.1 billion, up 5 percent from $10.6 billion the previous year
- Operating income of $718 million, down 8 percent from $780 million last year
- Operating margin of 6.5 percent, down from 7.4 percent the previous year
- Net income of $438 million, down 12 percent from last year’s $497 million
The results of the quarter also reflect, primarily at FedEx Express, the net year-over-year negative impact from the timing lag that exists between when fuel prices change and indexed fuel surcharges automatically adjust.
FedEx projects earnings to be $1.25 to $1.45 per diluted share in the third quarter and reaffirms its forecast of $6.20 to $6.60 per diluted share for fiscal
2013 before charges related to the company’s previously announced voluntary buyout program. Costs of the benefits provided under the voluntary program are expected to be recognized in the fourth fiscal quarter. The company expects the pretax cost of the voluntary buyout program to range from approximately $550 to $650 million, or $1.09 to $1.29 per diluted share, but actual costs will depend on employee acceptance rates. This guidance assumes the current market outlook for fuel prices. The company reported earnings of $1.65 per diluted share in last year’s third quarter, which included a $0.10 per share reversal of a reserve associated with a legal matter at FedEx Express. The capital spending forecast for fiscal 2013 remains $3.9 billion.
“We are steadfastly committed to the $1.7 billion of annual profit improvement actions, primarily at FedEx Express, which we announced in October,” said Alan B. Graf, Jr., FedEx Corp. executive vice president and chief financial officer. “We expect to begin to see the benefits of these actions in fiscal 2014, with a significant portion of the profit improvement achieved by the end of fiscal 2015. Meanwhile, the mounting uncertainty in the U.S. related to fiscal policies and their potential to impact earnings by further restraining economic growth is a concern.”
FedEx Express Segment
For the second quarter, the FedEx Express segment reported:
- Revenue of $6.86 billion, up 4 percent from last year’s $6.58 billion
- Operating income of $230 million, down 33 percent from $342 million a year ago
- Operating margin of 3.4 percent, down from 5.2 percent the previous year
Revenue increased primarily due to this year’s business acquisitions and growth at FedEx Trade Networks, as core express revenue growth was constrained by global economic conditions and the impact of Superstorm Sandy.
U.S. domestic revenue per package grew 1 percent as higher rate per pound was partially offset by lower fuel surcharges. U.S. domestic average daily package volume declined 2 percent. FedEx international export average daily package volume grew 6 percent driven by increases in FedEx International Economy (IE) from Europe and Asia and by increases in FedEx International Priority (IP) from Asia. Higher growth in international deferred services continued, with IE volume growing 14 percent, while IP volume increased 3 percent during the quarter. International export revenue per package fell 4 percent due to the demand shift toward lower-yielding international services and lower fuel surcharges.
Operating income and margin were lower due to the demand shift toward lower-yielding international services, the negative year-over-year impact of net fuel changes, increased depreciation expense, the effects of Superstorm Sandy and higher pension costs. These were partially offset by the favorable impact of cost containment actions.
FedEx Express has entered into an agreement to purchase four additional 767-300 freighters as part of the company’s continued fleet modernization efforts. This brings the total 767-300 orders to 50, with deliveries beginning in fiscal 2014. In concert with this commitment, two 777 freighter deliveries were deferred from fiscal 2015 to fiscal 2016 in order to better match capacity timing to global demand.
FedEx Ground Segment
For the second quarter, the FedEx Ground segment reported:
- Revenue of $2.59 billion, up 11 percent from last year’s $2.34 billion
- Operating income of $412 million, up 4 percent from $398 million a year ago
- Operating margin of 15.9 percent, down from 17.0 percent the previous year
FedEx Ground average daily volume grew 8 percent in the second quarter driven by increases in both FedEx Home Delivery and business-to-business services. Revenue per package increased 2 percent due to increased rates and higher extra service revenue. FedEx SmartPost average daily volume increased 17 percent primarily due to growth in e-commerce. FedEx SmartPost net revenue per package increased 2 percent due to a change in service mix and to rate increases, partially offset by higher postage rates.
Operating income increased due to higher volume and revenue per package, partially offset by higher contractor rates, increased network expansion costs and the effects of Superstorm Sandy. Operating margin decreased primarily due to lower fuel surcharges paired with higher purchased transportation expenses related to increased fuel costs.
FedEx Freight Segment
For the second quarter, the FedEx Freight segment reported:
- Revenue of $1.38 billion, up 4 percent from last year’s $1.33 billion
- Operating income of $76 million, up 90 percent from $40 million a year ago
- Operating margin of 5.5 percent, up from 3.0 percent the previous year
Less-than-truckload (LTL) yield increased 2 percent due to FedEx Freight Economy base yield improvement. LTL average daily shipments increased 2 percent due to higher customer demand for the FedEx Freight Economy service offering in all lengths of haul.
Operating income and margin increased primarily due to higher yield, volume growth and operational efficiencies within the company’s integrated network.
Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures to GAAP Financial Measures
The company believes that meaningful analysis of the expected financial performance requires an understanding of the factors underlying that expected performance and the judgments about the likelihood that particular factors will repeat. Excluding the costs associated with the company’s voluntary cash buyouts will allow for more accurate comparisons of the expected operating performance. As required by SEC rules, the table below presents a reconciliation of the company's presented non-GAAP measure to the most directly comparable GAAP measure.
FY 2013 Diluted
|Non-GAAP Measure||$6.20 to $6.60|
|Voluntary Buyout Program||1.29 to 1.09|
|GAAP Measure||$4.91 to $5.51|